Endpoint bias

August 2022

With few exceptions, capital markets do not provide predictable short term investment returns. Careful examination of capital market history, however, may help investors to make estimates of expected long term returns. These estimates are critical to setting strategic allocations to various asset classes.

In generating expected returns for asset classes using historical data, investors should typically incorporate the longest period possible. However, investors should also examine whether the period includes a variety of market and economic environments and should test multiple sub-periods to mitigate the bias that may result from arbitrary starting and ending points (known as endpoint bias).

Even historical returns for periods as long as 20 years may not prove a useful guide for generating expected returns. To complement a historical analysis of asset class returns, investors may benefit from forward-looking scenario analysis, based on an understanding of the fundamental drivers of historical returns.